Skip to main content

Demographics

Information on the population of Iceland, culture and geography can be found here.

POPULATION

About 93% of the 348.450 people living in Icelandic are Icelandic citizens. The population is equally divided between men and women. The population is relatively young with one out of five people being under 14 years old.

GEOGRAPHY

Iceland is an island of 103.000 km2 (39,756 sq.miles), with an average height of 500 m above sea level. Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.110 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe.

CULTURE

Visitors will find that Iceland is largely a classless society and that it has a strong literary tradition. A deep interest in Iceland's cultural heritage has been an inseparable part of the Icelandic character and identity for generations. It stretches as far back as the Icelandic sagas - medieval literary works which are regarded as classics in world literature. Creative and performing arts are flourishing in Iceland and it is remarkable to see such a thriving cultural scene in a small country.

Icelandic culture is just as diverse as the landscape. There is far more to Iceland than just unspoiled nature. Iceland is also famous for its writers, composers, actors, and artists and musicians - some of which include Halldor Laxness, Jón Leifs, Kristján Jóhannson, Sigur Rós, Björk and Of Monsters and Men. Attractions like the Reykjavik Art Festival, Iceland Airwaves, Food n' Fun, the museums and the first-class restuarants draw visitors from all around the globe.

Icelanders harvest a lot of their food directly from the surrounding nature. In recent years Icelandic cooks have learned how to turn the countries basic edible resources into delicious gastronomic dishes. Chefs have picked up international trends of combining excellent local raw ingredients with modern techniques and recipes. The results are astounding, with Icelandic restaurants picking up international awards every year.

EDUCATION

Iceland has a high standard of education, illiteracy is unknown and Icelanders are generally very interested in - and well informed about - foreign affairs. They are also open to new trends and eager to implement new technology.