We are mindful of our responsibility with respect to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, and work actively and systematically to reduce our carbon footprint.
In 2015, Isavia’s Managing Director signed a climate action pledge as part of an incentive programme initiated by the City of Reykjavík and Festa – the Icelandic Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility. Having made the pledge, Isavia set itself goals to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and thereby show initiative as well as environmental and social responsibility. The objectives are as follows:
- In 2015, greenhouse gas emissions from Isavia’s operations were measured at a carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) of 0.6kg per passenger. We aim to cut this figure by 10% by 2020 and 29% by 2030.
- In 2015, 19% of all waste from our operations was recycled. Unrecycled waste per passenger was 0.17 kg. We aim to recycle 70% of all our waste and reduce unrecycled waste per passenger by 63% by 2030.
These objectives are currently under revision on the basis of our 2016 figures, which showed that greenhouse gas emissions per passenger were down 24.5% year-on year, from 0.6kg to 0.46kg CO2e. These calculations include fossil fuel burnt, electricity generation and landfill waste per passenger.
In 2017, Isavia received an incentive award for its actions against climate change from the City of Reykjavík and Festa. As part of the Responsible Tourism incentive project, the company set itself new objectives for 2018, two of which concern climate issues. One of these is to reduce the use of fossil fuels by 4% per passenger compared with 2017, and the other is to increase the percentage of recycled waste by at least 5% per passenger compared with 2017.
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
We actively monitor our greenhouse gas emissions and annually submit our Green Accounting to the Environment Agency of Iceland.
Our direct greenhouse gas emissions derive from the burning of fossil fuel. In 2016, our direct greenhouse gas emissions per passenger were 0.335kg.
CO2 fossil fuel emissions
CO2 emissions per passenger
We cut our direct greenhouse gas emissions by 49 tonnes between 2015 and 2016.
A negligible part of our indirect greenhouse gas emissions comes from energy consumption. All energy consumed by the company derives from either a geothermal source or hydropower. In other words, all our energy comes from renewable sources that cause very minor emissions compared with other types of heating and electricity production. The National Energy Authority estimates CO2 equivalent emissions per kWh of electricity generated in Iceland to be merely 11.8 grams. Isavia’s indirect greenhouse gas emissions from electricity consumption totalled 264 tonnes of CO2e in 2016.
Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions can attributed to unrecycled waste sent to landfill. In 2016, a total of 1,222,277kg of unrecycled waste from our operations went to landfill. The resulting indirect greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 709 tonnes in 2016.
AIRPORT CARBON ACCREDITATION
Keflavik Airport is a participant in the Airport Carbon Accreditation programme, which aims to reduce airports’ carbon emissions. In 2016, Keflavik Airport was certified at Level 1: ‘Mapping’, which means that its carbon footprint and environmental impact on the surrounding area have been mapped out. This Level 1 certification was renewed in 2017. Work has already begun to obtain certification at Level 2: ‘Reduction’, the aim being to complete that step in 2018.
Isavia began assessing air quality at its airports in 2016. The air at Keflavik Airport was recently assessed by engineering firm Efla in co-operation with the University of Aviero. Pollution was calculated on the basis of traffic through the airport in 2015 and projected up to 2025. The report concluded that the concentration of all pollutants was within the air quality limits prescribed by Regulation No. 251/2002, both in 2015 and in the 2025 projection. Having received these results, Isavia has decided to measure and monitor NOx concentrations in and around the airport.